California Effect

The California effect, named after the US-American state that has played a frontrunner role in raising regulatory standards in the United States, refers to a race-to-the-top situation where one or more countries export or impose their own (stricter) standards upon their trading partners 1).

1)
Princen, Sebastiaan. (1999) "The California Effect in the EC’s External Relations: A Comparison of the Leghold Trap and Beef-Hormone Issues Between the EC and the U.S. and Canada", Paper prepared for the ECSA Sixth Biennial International Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, 2-5 June 1999. (Unpublished).